# What is 2 $\theta$ in X-ray powder diffraction (XRD)?

Why are we taking 2$\theta$ instead of $\theta$ in X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). I have found the forum post 2 theta in X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD), but there is no answer. What is the explanation?

For the $\theta : 2\theta$ goniometer, the X-ray tube is stationary, the sample moves by the angle $\theta$ and the detector simultaneously moves by the angle $2\theta$. At high values of $\theta$, small or loosely packed samples may have a tendency to fall off the sample holder.
When you do diffraction, $\theta$ is the angle of incoming EM wave, as well as the angle of difracted EM in regard to Bragg's planes. So the total change in angle of the EM wave equals $2\theta$.
I think the angle $2 \theta$ is used because we can see diffracted pattern from incident beam so the angle of incident and reflected are combine to become $2 \theta$.