It is said that anything that falls into the event horizon, quickly reaches the singularity. That would imply - there should be nothing between event horizon, and the singularity. Is that true? If not, what is in that region of black hole?

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    $\begingroup$ I don't see why you would think there is nothing between the event horizon and the singularity. Cars travel quickly from A to B on a motorway - that does not imply that there are no cars between A and B? $\endgroup$ – Rob Jeffries Mar 5 '16 at 23:38
  • $\begingroup$ I meant except from that quick journey to the singularity. I think it is implied in the question. Also, a car can turn and go the other way on a motor way. Path to singularity is one way. $\endgroup$ – kpv Mar 6 '16 at 0:29
  • $\begingroup$ for very large black hole, this journey can be very long... $\endgroup$ – Fabrice NEYRET Mar 6 '16 at 2:44

In the context of the comment you make, then the answer is clear.

There is no stationary "shell" frame of reference inside a black hole event horizon. Nothing can remain stationary and the decrease in the radial coordinate is as inevitable as the increase of the temporal coordinate for something that is outside the event horizon.

Therefore there is nothing (except things travelling towards the singularity) inside the event horizon of a black hole.

  • $\begingroup$ OK, I thought so too. Then how a BH can evaporate through EH. BH basically is singularity, rest is just an empty shell. For BH to evaporate, stuff has to eventually come out of singularity. $\endgroup$ – kpv Mar 6 '16 at 1:04
  • $\begingroup$ Evaporation is not from the inside. Go google or wikipedia or here, this is addressed 10^26 times. $\endgroup$ – Fabrice NEYRET Mar 6 '16 at 2:45
  • $\begingroup$ What do you mean by "not from inside". "Eventually", if the matter/energy is not lost from inside, how can it be called evaporation? I am not sure if those google results would explain it in this context. $\endgroup$ – kpv Mar 6 '16 at 4:30

The black hole horizon is global concept, not a local one. Indeed, the formal definition of black hole requires to wait an infinite time to decide whether there is a black hole or not. This imply that locally, at least according to classical general relativity$^*$, you don't feel anything strange when you cross the event horizon.

For supermassive the black hole the gravitational tidal forces are negligible and you could probably live years inside the horizon.

Inside Kerr horizons you could even stay inside forever, or decide to go through other universe! (at least mathematically!)

In a Schwarzchild black hole you can explicitly calculate the maximum (proper) lifetime of a particle radially falling from $r=2GM$ to $r=0$ and is $T=\pi M$, with $M$ the mass of the black hole.

$*$Recent quantum gravity theories suggest that the horizon could be instead a very extreme region. The fuzzball conjecture in string theory, or the firewall hypothesis are some examples.


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