The strong CP problem: the QCD theta parameter can not be arbitrarily small due to 't Hooft's doctrine of naturalness (a parameter can be arbitrarily small only when putting it to zero provides an extended symmetry in the theory).
Putting QCD theta to zero does not provide CP conservation because it is already broken in weak interactions. So it is not a natural coefficient. So one talks about Peccei-Quinn symmetry. PQ symmetry is broken by the vev of axion field and provides a dynamical solution of the smallness of theta. But originally theta from QCD effect can be arbitrarily large, we do not have any handle on that. We demand the axionic vev and PQ breaking scale to be such that together they cancel net theta. QCD and PQ breaking scales can be very different and still they do this job of keeping theta small together by some kind of cancellation. Is it not some kind of fine tuning, hence, unnatural?