# Does everything in this world vibrate? Why?

I was introduced with something called natural frequency of a body. It was taught us in the chapter Simple Harmonic Motion. Our teacher said that everything in this world has its natural frequency of vibration. And if we attach it to a oscillator with same frequency then due to resonance the amplitude will go on increasing and at some time the amplitude will increase to such a extent that the system will collapse.

So Why do everything vibrate? We do not notice it through our naked eyes.. Does it really even vibrate. Even if it is at microscopic level.

This means we do not need any wrecking balls for demolishing the walls. Just get a oscillator .. Fit it to both sides of the wall and Boom! Wall's demolished.

P.S.: I haven't seen an oscillator, nor have I seen a picture. I just picture it as a periodic force generating machine.

If everybody vibrates .. then why don't we destroy things this way?

• Do you understand the underlying principles of atomic structure? And the vibration of atoms, rather than entire objects. Your follow-on regarding uncontrolled resonance amplification is just wrong. If you pump in enough power at the right frequency you can get vibration, yes, and you can knock down walls if you make them vibrate (battering ram, perhaps) but to make the atoms in a diamond all vibrate is a challenge, as they don't all vibrate at the same frequency - so how will you add power at al the required frequencies...? Feb 16, 2016 at 13:49
• The makers of ultrasound cleaning equipment usually tell you not to put your jewelry in there... with very good reasons and the statement about the diamond cutting is completely wrong. :-) Feb 16, 2016 at 13:52
• @RoryAlsop I know that atoms vibrate.. But I didn't think that we were resonating with the frequencies of the atoms .. and if the frequency of vibrations is different for all the atoms then what is actually considered as the natural frequency? .. And if it is different then why is it such that we can demolish a wall but not a diamond. The basic principle is amplifying .. Or is it that the atoms in the wall all vibrate at same frequency(I guess, not)? Feb 16, 2016 at 15:22
• For amusement - gwthomas.org/wyndham.htm - A John Wyndham sci-fi story on this exact topic :-) Feb 16, 2016 at 16:00
• making the whole vibrate as a whole need more energy that weakening a limited strategic part and counting on faults propagation + lost material cohesion + gravity. Beside it can be difficult to make only your target vibrate and nothing else. Feb 16, 2016 at 23:43

You are talking about simple harmonic motion, so my answer will focus on that and ignore molecular vibrations (that doesn't seem to be what you're talking about).

For starters, I think it's good to consider amplitudes. Although everything has a natural frequency, the amplitudes of vibration are usually very low, so much so that observing them is difficult. This occurs because in reality there is a dampening which decreases the amplitude of oscillation with time (due to air resistance and other dissipating effects). This means that if a damped oscillator is left on it's own it will have an amplitude close to 0, so we don't notice it. An ideal simple harmonic oscillator (no damping) would maintain it's amplitude forever if there are no external forces.

Regardless of if the amplitude decays, there is still a frequency of the oscillations. When left to oscillate on it's own (no external applied force), the frequency will be the "natural frequency". If you were to apply a periodic force with the same frequency, you will create "resonance". This can be explained through superposition. In the case of resonance you constantly have a steady amplitude that matches the systems amplitude, so the driving force keeps adding energy to the system, and the interference is always constructive.

On paper, without damping, the energy would increase forever. In practice this energy will eventually make something break, or just dissipate itself.

As far as your wrecking ball thing goes, you could do that. One problem will be controlling the vibration so it only effects your building, not other buildings in the area. Another problem would be controlling the collapse, it may be too unstable when resonating. A wrecking ball controls where you want to break next, doing so with resonance would require a lot of planning and may not be possible depending on how the system responds.

A third (and probably prohibitive economically) problem is the required force you need to oscillate the structure with to overcome its self-damping. A very small force would be easily damped out in the regular movement of the system. Maintaining a high-energy oscillation is quite unsafe; might as well use a wrecking ball or explosives.

• I doubt, that in the case of breaking walls, the main problem is anything other than damping. There seems to be a misunderstanding that using a small oscillator you can resonate a system to any degree if the frequencies match. The statement if true iff the system is undamped, which is almost never the case in the real world. So in order to break a wall you'll need a very powerful oscillator, which is practically hard to build. See also: lampx.tugraz.at/~hadley/ss1/appendix/resonance/resonances.php Jun 12, 2017 at 16:05
• @MoctavaFarzán Good point; I never discussed the potential barrier of required mass size to oscillate a building down (though in my head that was another concern with how impractical it is).
– JMac
Jun 12, 2017 at 16:08

Unless you're at a temperature of 0 Kelvin (~ -273 degrees, "Absolute zero"), things with mass will have kinetic (movement or vibrational) energy - note that at 0K they will still possess internal energy, such as binding energy. The vibration will be negligible to the naked-eye.

Natural frequency in your case will be to do with larger systems (not microscopic), such as a car driving over equally spaced humps and jumping higher each time, or a bridge being pushed by the wind.

For example, your can break a wine glass using a specific (the natural) frequency of sound, that will cause the structure to resonate.

You could probably similarly break down a wall using this technique, however, it may simply be cost/time effective to use something like a wrecking-ball.

Another is this bridge that collapsed due to it being forced by the wind to resonate, until it could no longer stand the stress. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacoma_Narrows_Bridge_(1940)

Today, systems will incorporate forms of dampening, to limit or stop resonance.

Nikola Tesla was working on some ideas like this.

Tesla's oscillator - Wikipedia

The Mythbusters tried out this idea on a bridge, and although the results were a bit impressive, they weren't close to the dramatic result that Tesla had proposed.