# Was the matter-energy content of our universe always distributed in the same ratios?

Currently, Dark energy (68.3%) and Dark matter (26.8%) together constitute about 95.1% total matter-energy content of the universe while only 4.9% is ordinary baryonic matter. Was this always the case? Are these ratios constant since the big bang or did they change over time?

Initially (and by that I mean after the conjectured inflationary epoch, which I will not consider here), radiation dominated all other forms of energy by far. However, as the universe expands---as measured by the increase of the ''scale factor'' $a(t)$, the radiation energy density scales as $\rho_\text{rad}\propto a^{-4}$ while non-relativistic matter has an energy density that scales as $\rho_\text{mat}\propto a^{-3}$. Note that this includes dark matter, which is currently widely thought to be composed of matter that does not interact electromagnetically but is otherwise similar to ''normal matter''. Furthermore, dark energy corresponds to a constant energy density per unit volume, i.e. it does not depend on the scale factor at all: $\rho_\Lambda\propto a^0$.
To understand the scaling law for matter, simply think about particles in an expanding box of volume $V(t)\propto a^3(t)$ where $a(t)$ is a characteristic ''side length''. The particle density, which is proportional to the energy density for non-relativistic particles, scales as $V^{-1}\propto a^{-3}$: The energy density decreases purely due to dilution. For radiation there is not only dilution, but also the fact that the energy of e.g. a photon (or another relativistic particle) is proportional to the wavelength, which also depends on $a$ as $\lambda\propto a^{-1}$, i.e. $\rho_\text{rad}\propto a^{-3}a^{-1}=a^{-4}$ due to both redshifting and dilution.
Considering these facts, it is clear that although radiation initially dominated, (non-relativistic) matter and dark energy become more and more important in time (as $a(t)$ keeps on growing). Hence, at some point matter started dominating (initially $\rho_\text{mat}$ was significantly higher than $\rho_\Lambda$) but eventually most of the energy density of the universe is concentrated in dark energy. This is the epoch we are currently entering, since $\rho_\Lambda$ is now more than 50% of the total energy density, but not yet orders of magnitude higher than all other forms of energy.
As an aside, it is interesting to note that there could potentially have been a fourth energy component, due to spatial curvature, which would scale as $a^{-2}$. However, it is an experimental fact that the spatial curvature of the universe is either exactly zero or negligibly small.