We know that light is an electromagnetic wave and it does interact with charges.
It contains magnetic field and electric field oscillating perpendicularly but when we apply an electric or magnetic field in any direction to the wave the applied electric field or magnetic field vector doesn't alter the magnetic or electric field in the electro magnetic wave (according to vector addition rule)....why?
Static electric and magnetic fields do affect electromagnetic waves, and one trusts that the mathematics works, vector additions and all. The conditions are studied in plasmas, for example this model.
Generally, when light scatters or diffracts through a crystal the electric fields of the wave are perturbed and change direction, become polarized or whatever the conditions are. See as an example Thomson scattering for elastic scattering of light .
At the quantum mechanical level there exists a scattering of photons with charged particles, and be assured that at the limit of the emergent classical beam the calculations will agree.