I'm not much familiar with holograms and I've read a few articles on how holograms are made. I have a question that how does hologram get projected in air? If it were tyndall effect, then we could see all of the path through which light goes but not the "holographic image" of the object? How is a light particle made to understand when it has to appear and when it has to disappear when it is passing through air? Help.
A hologram is a two dimensional surface (or a volume) that can modulate both the brightness and the directionality of the diffracted light in every point. Looking at a hologram you perceive the objects "floating" in space, but the light is still diffracted at the surface or in the volume of the hologram.
In contrast a 2d image is only capable of modulating the brightness of the light. It has to look the same from every direction (except for perspective). A hologram, on the other hand, can produce one image when looked at from one direction and a different one from another. If the produced sequence of images that one can see during an eye movement around the hologram are that of a rotating object, then we will see a 3d representation of that object. That's a rather poor use of a hologram, by the way. One can make holograms that produce a completely different image for even slight rotations, and they would look like rapid turning of pages in a book. This is how one can use holograms for information storage.
That a hologram is not a free space projection is obvious from the fact that no hologram can ever project a picture outside of the rays between your eyes and its visible contour. Holograms can't do what is shown in the famous Leia hologram of the original Star Wars movies. The consequence of that is that small holograms can only show small images, whereas a small projector can project on a large surface. That, too, is not possible with holograms. If we wanted a hologram the size of a movie screen, then the entire screen would have to be the hologram.