Suppose we have the following circuit:
Such that for $t<0$ the switch M was open. If we close the switch at $t=0$ what will the voltage on the capacitor, $V_C$, be at $t=0^+$? What about $\dot V_C$ at $t=0^+$? Will there be a current passing through $R$ the moment the switch is closed?
I need to solve an ODE for a more complicated circuit which has this sub-circuit as a part of it, and I need initial conditions to solve for the ZIR case. I'm trying to figure out these initial conditions but I'm not sure. Here are my thoughts:
Before closing the switch, there will be a steady finite current $I$ in the circuit.The moment we close the switch, there can be no current passing through $R$, else there will be some finite voltage on the capacitor $\longrightarrow$ $\dot V_C$ will be infinite $\longrightarrow$ $I_C$=C$\cdot \dot V_C$ will be infinite which cannot be.
Therefore $V_C(t=0^+)=0$ and $\dot V_C(t=0^+)=I/C $. I'm not sure if what I said I correct, I mean we learned that if there is no impulse current (like Dirac's Delta function), the voltage on the capacitor will be continuous.Does this apply in the case too? I would really appreciate any help.