Was there time before the big bang?

I assume there wasn't, so is it even logical to ask if there was anything before the big bang? If there was time before the beginning of the universe, what happened before it was made?

Would we ever know? Where did the universe come from? What will happen to it? Even though it is expanding, will it last forever?

  • $\begingroup$ Is this a dumb question? I apologize if it is but it would be cool if someone could address it. $\endgroup$
    – syzygy
    Nov 23, 2015 at 2:50
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ "If there was time before the beginning of the universe" - there has never been a time in which time did not exist. $\endgroup$ Nov 23, 2015 at 3:11
  • $\begingroup$ @syzygy Physicists can answer one of the question you ask clearly: Is this a dumb question? The answer is: No! $\endgroup$ Aug 27, 2016 at 13:13

1 Answer 1


All of your questions have no good answer at this point in time. All of them are being researched by physicists, cosmologists, and theorists. We don't even know whether our universe is the only universe or whether what lies beyond the visible universe is just more space like the kind we can see. Our best theories of space and time (Einstein's General Relativity) and particles (quantum field theory) only tell us about what the universe was doing a small fraction of a second after the big bang. We have experimental evidence from particle accelerators that confirms this picture back to one second after the big bang. However, what happened earlier, including the bang itself, is a mystery.

Other currently unanswerable questions and some entirely speculative possible answers:

  • Was there just one big bang? Or, are other parts of the universe that we can't see still inflating? That hypothesis is called Eternal Inflation.
  • Why do we only move through time towards the future? Perhaps there's another half of the universe that has been expanding backwards in time since the big bang. In that case, the time before the big bang is that universe's future.
  • What happens inside the event horizon of a black hole? Perhaps a black hole is a place in one universe where a piece of spacetime became so warped it twisted off and inflated into a whole other parallel universe.

One more note, not only is the universe expanding, its expansion is accelerating. Something is pushing everything apart from everything else. That something is what we call Dark Energy (cue spooky music). We call it dark energy for two reasons: (1) it doesn't give off light, and (2) we don't know what it is. For the moment, it looks like the universe's expansion will continue to accelerate into the future and, trillions upon trillions upon trillinos (... etc. ...) of years from now, the universe will be expanding so fast that stars and planets will be pulled apart, leaving an empty void.

This picture will probably change as we learn more about dark energy and the rest of the universe. There are still so many questions left to answer.

  • $\begingroup$ This was very helpful, I hope one day we will have answers to this situation. $\endgroup$
    – syzygy
    Nov 23, 2015 at 3:23
  • $\begingroup$ or whether what lies beyond the visible universe is just more space like the kind we can see I recall reading that we do have a lower bound for the number of Hubble volumes out there beyond the visible volume, but you're right that we don't yet know whether or not it is infinite. $\endgroup$
    – forest
    Nov 8, 2018 at 8:46

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