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Polycrystal cuprate superconductors are generally prepared by solid state reactions: Starting reagents are in powder form, they are mixed to each other and placed into furnace on high temperature (around 1000C) for a long time (several hours).

What is the common method of synthesizing iron-based superconductors, is it similar or different from method described above?.

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    $\begingroup$ I believe this is an engineering or materials focused question. You might get better answers on one of those sites $\endgroup$ – Steeven Oct 1 '15 at 20:51
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    $\begingroup$ No, it is not engineering question! High-temperature superconductors are prepared by physicists who are studying them. For example, I had prepared a lot of HTS samples for experiential investigations. I have not experience of working on Iron-based Sc-s, if some one has, they answers me. But it is question of physics, not engineering! $\endgroup$ – pan91 Oct 2 '15 at 8:39
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    $\begingroup$ as far as I found out, Solid State reaction is common method of preparing Iron-based SC-s. arxiv.org/abs/1304.7708 here is describer some methods of Synthesis of Iron-based Superconductors $\endgroup$ – pan91 Oct 2 '15 at 8:45
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    $\begingroup$ Experimental physics involves a lot of engineering tasks which I would definitely not ask about on an "engineering" Stack Exchange site. For example, if I want to know how to build a really stable laser, I'm going to ask somewhere such that I have a good chance to catch the attention of an AMO physicist. $\endgroup$ – DanielSank Oct 5 '15 at 22:30
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    $\begingroup$ In case you are still looking for this reference, a paper was out on the ArXiv today about the synthesis of layered iron chalcogenides. $\endgroup$ – Dimitri Mar 9 '16 at 11:18
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There are often several different methods of synthesizing materials, and in lots of cases they arrive at the same result. Sometimes the experiments you want to do will depend on your growth method, though: for instance, the polycrystalline samples you get from solid state reactions can be good for x-ray or neutron diffraction studies. If you want to examine transport properties, though, especially anisotropic ones, single crystals are frequently much more useful. Arguably the simplest way to get single crystals of usable sizes is just to seal the precursor materials in an evacuated ampoule, heat it up, and then slowly cool it down. Crystals will nucleate and grow on their own out of the melt, and you can centrifuge away the remaining liquid. There are a few improvements you can make to the growth parameters by controlling nucleation with a thermal gradient, but the basic idea is the same. This is usually how single-crystal Fe-based superconductors are grown.

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