I'm reading about the twin paradox in special relativity - if there are two identical twins, one of whom who sets off in a high speed rocket to a planet, and then heads back, will find the twin who remained on Earth to have aged comparatively more due to time dilation. However, from the perspective of the travelling twin, it was the Earth that was moving and so the Earth twin should be the younger one. The 'paradox' can be resolved by realising that the travelling twin does not remain in an inertial frame for all time, since he has to turn around at the planet and hence accelerate.
Now, there are three possible curvatures the universe could have - positive, negative, or flat. As far as I'm aware, we're quite sure it's flat. However, if it was positive, does this mean that the travelling twin, if he travelled long enough, would loop back to Earth eventually? And therefore he would be able to return to Earth without having changed inertial reference frame, and then we would actually have a paradox?
I'm thinking perhaps that travelling through curved space itself constitutes acceleration, since in a way you're changing direction? In which case the travelling twin wouldn't remain in an inertial reference frame and we could solve the 'paradox' as before?