Unlike its non-relativistic counterpart, the Dirac current doesn't need any derivatives in its definition because the Dirac equation is more "beautiful". It represents the charge density and obeys the continuity equation $\partial_\mu j^\mu=0$, anyway.
There is no contradiction with the non-relativistic limit because the Dirac equation basically says that if the Dirac 4-spinor is divided to two 2-spinor parts, $C$ and $D$, then (in a certain basis optimized for non-relativistic physics) the Dirac equation reduces to
$$(i\vec \sigma\cdot \nabla) C = (m+i\partial / \partial t) D $$
and a similar equation with $C,D$ basically reverted. You may reconstruct the precise signs and coefficients if you fix a convention. In the non-relativistic limit, the right hand side also basically reduces to $2m\cdot D$ plus small corrections that increase with the velocity.
Consequently, the 2-spinor $D$ is equal to the spatial derivatives of $C$ which is why the bilinear expressions constructed both from $C$ and $D$ – from the whole 4-spinor – de facto depend on the spatial derivatives of $C$, anyway (if you eliminate $D$). This $C$ may then be identified with the 2-spinor that appears in the non-relativistic Pauli equation.
The Dirac equation's ability to reduce the number of derivatives may surprise in other contexts, too. For example, it is a first-order equation – linear in the derivatives or $p_\mu$ – even though it replaces either the Klein-Gordon equation or the non-relativistic Schrödinger's equation, both of which are second-order differential equations (at least second-order in spatial derivatives). Again, this is no contradiction because the Dirac spinor has (at least) twice as many components and one-half of the components end up being approximately equal to the derivatives of the other half. In this way, a first-order equation may become equivalent to a second-order equation. The trick is similar as the trick to rewrite the second-order equations in mechanics, $m\ddot x = F(x)$, as a "Hamiltonian formalism" set of first-order equations for $x$ and $p$.