# How does Newton's 2nd law correspond to GR in the weak field limit?

I can only perform the demonstration from the much simpler $E = mc^2$.

Take as given the Einstein field equation:

$G_{\mu\nu} = 8 \pi \, T_{\mu\nu}$

... can it be proved that Newton's formulation of gravitational and mechanical force (e.g. $F = ma$) corresponds to Einstein's in the limit when masses are small and speeds are relatively slow?

In general relativity, one must use both Einstein's equations as well as the condition that freely falling objects are moving along geodesics – time-like world lines that maximize the proper time on them, i.e. satisfy $$\delta\int {\rm d}t_{\rm proper}=0$$ and these two equations – Einstein's equations describing the gravitational field as created by the sources of gravity; and the geodesic equations describing how probes react to the gravitational field – may be used to derive $$\frac{GMm}{r^2} = m\vec{\ddot x }$$ or similar classical equations (please add the unit vector to the left hand side above). Of course, when one does so, he should know the natural description of classical gravity in terms of the gravitational potential, the Poisson equation it obeys, and other things. In the Newtonian limit, $g_{00}$ component of the metric tensor largely depends on the gravitational potential $\Phi$ as $g_{00}=1+2\Phi/c^2$, as can be seen by simplifying Einstein's equations in the non-relativistic limit where they reduce primarily to the Poisson equation, and this influences geodesics etc.