I've just been asked a strange question that I cannot find an answer to (even on the internet it seems I can't find any explanation for this) and I ended up wondering why most of the antennas which work as "base stations" are nowadays +/- 45° polarized. While I do understand the meaning of polarization diversity, it is still not clear to me why antennas' producers chose those 2 polarizations instead of horizontal / vertical or other 2 orthogonal angles whatsoever. Moreover, I am sure that the radiators inside an antenna cannot perfectly have a +/- 45° polarization. What happens then if those are "rotated" a little bit (let's say +55° / - 35°)? Is the orthogonality the only important thing, or is a correct orientation (+/- 45°) important too and why is that?
Bonus question: I think that the polarization of mobile phones has nothing to do with the polarization of base station antennas (because of reflections and multi-paths their transmissions' polarizations could be received "rotated" in comparison to how it was sent), is that a correct assumption?
EDIT: I can't really remember the source, but I read somewhere that we don't use H-Pol, because the ground greatly attenuates the field in that case.