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EDIT: I was aware of the supposed duplicate. But I'm interested in a clear and focused path through the basics to advanced theoretical physics such as string theory - a path that avoids studying engineering physics - for a pure mathematician with no physics background. I can't see in the supposed duplicate where this path is outlined.
I'm a pure mathematics PhD student in Riemannian geometry / geometric analysis. My main interests are in Einstein manifolds, Ricci flow, harmonic maps, and Yang-Mills theory.
I have no training whatsoever in physics: I've never even picked up the typical 1,500 page textbook titled Physics for Scientists and Engineers etc. I've only ever read pure mathematics and can handle any level of pure mathematics to any level of abstraction.
I'd like to learn the background and basics in theoretical physics motivating the above areas of geometric analysis to develop physical intuition: general relativity, gauge field theories, and the standard model of particle physics, etc. Ideally I also want to learn advanced theoretical physics such as quantum field theory, string theory, and sypersymmetry. I'd like a structured path through basic to advanced theoretical physics for a mathematician with no physics training.
I have looked at many standard references in these areas but their assumptions on the physics background of the reader does not align with my background. These standard references all start talking and explaining things in physics notation, terminology, concepts, and intuition that is assumed on the reader.
Question: As a pure mathematician, how do I learn basic through to advanced theoretical physics in an clear, focused and structured way? What books should I read? Are there books tailored to a target audience like myself: a pure mathematician with no physics background?
If required, I'm happy to start from scratch by working through a 1,500 page physics textbooks. However, after progressing through mathematics one realises that starting with working through the typical 1,500 page calculus textbook, such as Stewart Calculus, is unnecessary because those books are tailored to engineers. Instead, one can start with a book on set theory, proof, and logic, and then go straight into standard undergraduate books like Rudin Principals of Mathematical Analysis and Herstein Topics in Algebra, etc. Indeed, many universities offer a streamlined program of study for pure mathematics majors that avoids wasting time on engineering calculus.
Question: Is it the same situation in physics? Are those 1,500 page physics textbooks targeted mostly at engineers and is there a focused and streamlined path through theoretical physics that starts at the start of theoretical physics and gets to advanced theoretical physics such as quantum field theory and string theory without having to learn engineering physics?
I would be VERY grateful for someone to provide some book recommendations and possibly a structured path for achieving the above.