# Finding the equation of state from a thermodynamical potential

Given a themrmodynamical potential eg, the helmholtz free energy, $$F=-Nk_BT \ln(V-bN)+aN\ln V + k_BTN\left( \ln N! -\frac{3}{2}\ln T\right)$$ $a,b$ positive constants and $V \geq Nb$ and $N>>1$. How does one go about finding the equation of state?

My thinking is that the 1st law or 2nd laws of thermodynamics may help but I cannot see how.

You are on the right track. The first law of thermodynamics states that

$$\text{d} U = T \text{d} S - p \text{d}V + \mu \text{d} N$$

To get the free energy $F(T,V,N)$ you have to perform a Legendre Transformation with the respect to the variables $T\leftrightarrow S$. This will not affect the partial derivative with respect to $V$ and you get

$$\left( \frac{\partial F}{\partial V} \right)_{T,N} = - p$$

This will be the equation of state. The left hand side represents a function of volume $V$ and particle number $N$, while the right hand side contains only the pressure $p$. This form is similar to the equation of state of the ideal gas or the Van der Waals equation.

• Sorry I dont see where this goes – Permian May 7 '15 at 9:12
• This will be you equation of state :) On the right hand side the pressure on the left hand side a function of volume and number of particles. Compare this for example with the ideal gas law or the van der waals gas . – sagittarius_a May 7 '15 at 9:14
• I will include this clarification to my answer! – sagittarius_a May 7 '15 at 9:18