In my Physics Class we had to look into possible areas where Dark Matter could be "hiding." Such as Black Holes and so on. Dark matter really can be "seen" through its gravitational effects, and we still come up short.

Why does the matter need to be inside our universe? I like to imagine the Universe as a sort of atom or even star. I mean multiple universes acting on each other. If they are contracting or expanding similar to our universe could these multiple universes act out forces upon each other. This would explain the lack of matter through forces acting on the outside of the universe pushing against the expansion. I do not have the background in physics to explain it in more than a simplistic theoretical way.


There are several reasons to believe that dark matter is a particle. The most widely accepted alternative explanations for the different phenomena that led us to conjecture dark matter in the first place, can collectively be labeled "we don't understand gravity well enough".

But no matter what, the effects of dark matter are sort of "localized". The rotation curves of galaxies suggest that there's an "extra" pull from matter inside the galaxies. That is, either there's more matter than we can see, or the matter that we can see pulls more than we expect. The same can be said about the interpretation of the velocity dispersion of galaxies in clusters of galaxies, and of massive objects acting as gravitational lenses. Also, in order to explain how structure has the time to form before the Universe expanded too much, something must have made matter collapse faster than expected.

If these forces were applied from an "outside" agent, you would have to come up with a very special way for the forces to act. The forces we know of all depend on the distance between bodies, either increasing or decreasing with distance. But if an outside force were to explain e.g. galaxy rotation curves, it seems it would have to repeatedly "switch sign", i.e. alternate between attracting and repelling.

I should say that I don't really know much about multiverse theories, but for such a theory to explain the observables, it seems there would be the need for many extra add-ons and ad hoc-explanation. The theory of dark matter (and to some extend those of modified gravity, I suppose) offer the most simple explanation.

And we like simple explanations.


In my Physics Class we had to look into possible areas where Dark Matter could be "hiding".

Where is all the dark matter? Actually, I think it's hiding in plain sight. If you've read up on relativity I think you can work it out. See Einstein's Leyden Address where he described a gravitational field as space which was "neither homogeneous nor isotropic", and said space was a something rather than nothing. Also see The Foundation of the General Theory of Relativity where he said "the energy of the gravitational field shall act gravitatively in the same way as any other kind of energy". That's spatial energy causing gravity, and it isn't made up of particles. Then when you know about the raisin cake analogy and conservation of energy, you appreciate that space expands between the galaxies but not within. So every galaxy is embedded in space with a higher energy-density, surrounded by a halo of inhomogeneous space. Which is what a gravitational field is. See papers like Inhomogeneous and interacting vacuum energy and Inhomogeneous Vacuum: An Alternative Interpretation of Curved Spacetime, which IMHO are edging towards this. In short:

Space has its vacuum energy. When it's inhomogeneous it has a mass equivalence and a gravitational effect. And space, of course, is dark.


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