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A short lived particle is created at the interaction point and then decaying a distance $d$ away, in some detector. My question is what is the smallest distance $d$ that can be measured experimentally? Of course it will be different from a detector to another.

Any links that explain how this analysis, of discovering a particle, is done experimentally would be appreciated.

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See Tao Han's Collider Phenomenology: Basic Knowledge and Techniques, Page 22, and the referenced articles.

As a rough guide, for the ATLAS detector the resolution is of the order $10\mu m$. It's also possible to resolve the vertex displacement in the longtitudinal direction alone, in the case that there's only one charged particle track to extrapolate backwards. In this case the resolution is about an order of magnitude worse.

The full formula for the resultion also depends on the transverse momentum and the angle between the particle track and the beam line.

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  • $\begingroup$ You should say what the answer is, so that it is available without digging through the reference. $\endgroup$
    – Ron Maimon
    Commented Nov 28, 2011 at 6:38
  • $\begingroup$ That is an excellent reference. But still it does not answer the question what is the smallest distance for a displaced vertex that can be measured. $\endgroup$
    – Revo
    Commented Nov 28, 2011 at 16:57
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    $\begingroup$ @Revo: I guess the shortest distance should be comparable to the resolution quoted in the article. But if you are really asking for the shortest distance that can be distinguished from zero at a statistical significance, I don't know the answer. $\endgroup$
    – felix
    Commented Nov 28, 2011 at 17:04

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