Inside a proton there are 3 valance quarks. In addition, there is constant creation and annihilation of gluon, quarks and anti-quarks. The number of virtual particles we observe depends on how closely we look. The number of valence quarks remains fixed.
How does does this scaling effect occur?
Is this analogous (or even identical) to the problems of renormalization that QED "fixed" for the electron 60 odd years ago?
Crudely speaking, as we approach the particle, because it's charge, whether strong force, electric charge etc...., increases "closer" in, is that the reason we are likely to see more virtual particles?
This question may need an edit to suit the standards expected from this site. I appreciate and fully accept that confirmation (binary yes/no) answers are not applicable and I will edit it accordingly in the near future. However, if anybody has an answer for the first question I would appreciate that.