I'll answer the concrete question, because it's one of those fun ones where the units are all wrong and the scales are just absurd.
Does this also mean that if I release a million amperes of current into the earth, every living entity walking barefooted should immediately die?
It depends on how long you do it and with how much power. And (surprisingly) everything doesn't die in a fire! They'll just die in the following global environmental catastrophe.
A million amperes seems like a lot. It's how much current is used in a typical railgun. But its only about 10 lighting strikes. The Earth gets hit by lightning a lot and we're still alive. That's in part because the Earth is so huge it requires a tremendous amount of energy to change its charge, but it's also because lightning is so brief.
The original question is nonsense because the Amp is a measure of flow, not quantity. It's like asking if you could flood the Earth with a million pounds of water pressure. That's a lot of pressure (amps), but it doesn't mean anything unless you know how much water there is (volts) and how long you're applying it (time).
I'll give you another example of how electrical units can be easily misunderstood.
Amps aren't a measure of energy. They're just a measure of rate of electrical flow. You also need to know how long that flow is kept up. A Coulomb measures the potential total flow of charge over time. 1 Coulomb is 1 Amp for 1 second. 1 million Amps for 1 second would be 1 million Coulombs. 1 million Coulombs is twice the charge of the Earth. 1 million Coulombs sounds big and dangerous, right? Not so fast.
1 Amp for 1 million seconds is also 1 million Coulombs. So is 1000 Amps for 1000 seconds (about 18 minutes). What else has 1 million Coulombs? A car battery. Yes, a car battery can kill you, but it's not going to murder humanity if you drop it on the ground. A more familiar term for charge is the Amp-hour which is exactly what it says, how many hours can a thing supply 1 Amp. 1 Amp-hour is 3600 Coulombs. 300 Amp-hours is 1 million Coulombs.
It's like the difference between having 1 million liters of water dumped on you all at once, and having 1 million liters of water slowly drizzled on you. It's still a million liters of water, but one will drown you and the other will just make you soggy and annoyed.
The final piece of the puzzle is the electrical potential difference or volts. In order to know how much energy is being delivered how fast you need to know the Amps and the volts and for how long. Long story short, 1 Amp for 1 second (which is 1 Coulomb) at 1 Volt is 1 Watt-second which is 1 Joule, the standard unit of energy.
So to know how much energy is being delivered we need to know Amps and volts and seconds.
Let's take the Mythbusters approach here and give you the effect you want. What would it take to actually shock all humans? I'm going to go with the lower bound of 300 mA of DC at 110 volts required to make the heart go into fribillation (AC is deadlier, but the Earth isn't an AC generator). And let's say just 100 milliseconds (my source only says "fraction of a second"). I'm using the lower bound to give this the maximum chance of working.
In order to shock humanity to death, we need to very rapidly change the charge of the Earth by 300 mA. If we do it slowly, humanity's charge will slowly change along with it and there will be no noticeable effect.
As always when doing these sorts of large scale calculations, it's good to figure out the basic energy involved. 300 mA at 110 volts is 33 Watts. For 100 milliseconds is 3.3 Joules. We need to kill 7 billion people, that's a minimum of 21 billion Joules. That's roughly how much energy it takes to heat a home for a year. Totally doable.
UPDATE At this point I made a mistake and used volume equations instead of surface charge and generally got it all wrong. @Floris gets it right in their answer but I will leave my incorrect scribblings up here for historical reasons.
300 mA for 100 milliseconds is 0.3 Amps for 0.1 seconds or 0.03 Coulombs. In order to reach everyone, we need to raise the charge density (Coulombs per cubic meter) of the whole Earth by just 0.03. How hard can that be? The Earth's volume is is 1e21 m^3, multiply that by 0.03 C/m^3 and you get 3.25e19 C. It seems like a lot, and it is, but it's meaningless without considering the voltage.
To determine how much energy this will take, we need to plug in the voltage: 110 volts. 3.25e19 Coulombs at 110 volts is 3.5e21 Joules which is about how much energy from the Sun hits the Earth in six hours or half our estimated petroleum reserves. That's A LOT of energy being delivered in 100ms.
It will cause an enormous explosion on the order of magnitude of the largest known eruption in the Earth's history. Like 5000 of our biggest atomic bombs going off at once. Much smaller than the impact that killed the dinosaurs, but probably enough to destroy everything in, say, Colorado and likely kill everyone in the neighboring area.
And that's for a perfect energy transfer. There's likely to be lots of inefficiencies and losses, so you'll likely need 5 to 10 times more energy. Still not enough to melt the surface of the Earth.
Congratulations! If you can get your hands on 3.5e21 Joules, turn it into an electrical charge, and somehow deliver it all to the Earth in 100 ms, you could give everyone on the planet a heart attack! And you would only destroy only one or two large US states in the process. Anyone who survives probably dies in the resulting global environmental catastrophe. Have fun!
UPDATE Again, my calculations for the whole Earth charge are wrong. @Floris gets it right in their answer. I leave my back of the envelope mistake up for historical reasons.