# Is a vector and a unit vector dimensionless

Lets say I have a position vector $\vec r$. Is it dimensionless or does it have a dimension of length i.e $[L]$.

Also does the unit vector $\hat r$ have a dimension?

Vectors do have dimensions. Specifically, the dimension of a vector is (and always must be) the same as the dimension of its components. This also means that al the components of a vector must have the same dimension.

In your example, the position vector $\vec r$ does indeed have units of length.

The vector $\hat r$ is defined as $\hat r = \vec r / |\vec r|$. Since we know that both $\vec r$ and $|\vec r|$ have units of length, we can conclude that $\hat r$ has units $L / L = 1$. In other words, it is dimensionless.

• So that would mean that the unit vector $\hat r$ too has dimensions of length? Commented Mar 28, 2015 at 15:32
• @BinaryGeek see my edit Commented Mar 28, 2015 at 15:53

Yes it does have the dimension $[L]$. You can, however, be more specific and assign a different length dimension to each component. So that the $x$ component has length dimension of $[L_x]$ and analogous for $y$ and $z$. These are called direction dimensions, and can be helpful in dimensional analysis.

• So that would mean that the unit vector $\hat r$ too has dimensions of length? Commented Mar 28, 2015 at 15:32
• No, $\hat r$ has no units, as it is defined as the vector $r$ divided by the magnitude of $r$, which themselves both have the same units and therefore cancel to give a dimensionless unit vector Commented Mar 28, 2015 at 15:43
• @Joseph, thanks but I'm not the OP and that's basically what I said :) Commented Mar 28, 2015 at 16:03

I think it should have dimensions. Suppose the question were "what is the unit vector of 10 Newtons force pointing due north?". Then the answer is "1 Newton due north".

• A unit vector is a vector which has a magnitude of exactly 1, the arithmetic unit multiplier. It has no units. Commented Sep 14, 2015 at 19:10
• This does not provide an answer to the question. To critique or request clarification from an author, leave a comment below their post - you can always comment on your own posts, and once you have sufficient reputation you will be able to comment on any post. Commented Sep 15, 2015 at 5:52
• @John I think it is an answer. The question is whether a vector has units, and this answer says it should. It may have quality issues, but it does answer the question. Commented Sep 15, 2015 at 6:46