Suppose a stone is thrown into a pool of crystal clear water and its a bright sunshiny morning. You can observe a shadow of the wave in the bottom of the pool. Why does this happen? Is it due to superposition of light or some other thing?
You can actually think of the ripple as a travelling lens.
If you take a radial cross section through the ripple, it'll have a curved profile. Now just like a magnifying glass causes a bright spot in the middle of where you focus incoming light, it also causes a darker region around it.
This is what you're seeing on the bottom of the pool: The band of focussed (or unfocussed, depending on depth) light caused by the lens-like nature of the ripple wave.