I am watching a lecture by Sean Caroll titled "Particles, Fields, and the Future of Physics". I am not a physicist by any means but enjoy the subject in my spare time hoping to understand it.
This lecture gave rise to a better understanding of quantum field theory for me and how it relates to particle physics.
The first understanding I gained; Carroll mentions that in the view of quantum field theory every particle we know of is basically a perturbation in a field. So an electron is just some "wave" in the electron field. For an electron to "be there" the field itself must be perturbed at that location. (is this correct?)
Another understanding I gained is that these perturbations are energy and that for certain field to be perturbed it takes more or less energy. Specifically that the $W$ boson field takes more energy to be perturbed than the electron field. Even more that if we are given a $W$ boson particle and it decays, its energy can be transferred (by some unknown mechanism?) to both the electron and anti-neutrino fields creating particles of each in that location.
My understanding breaks down when he describes the Higgs field. Specifically that an electron moving through the Higgs Field "gains/is given" mass. Does this mean that the electron is encountering a Higgs boson/particle? Or is it linked to the fact that the Higgs field (forgive me for this butchering of words and physics) is held at a higher energy when not perturbed?
I guess, how is a Higgs particle different from a particle traveling through the Higgs field?
I am pretty sure there could be a good analogue explanation and question between how charged particles experience a force when traveling through an electromagnetic field?
If this question is lack too much understanding, I apologize in advance.