I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of information missing. Keep in mind, I understand that in real life, this would not be a conservation of momentum problem. Please help me answer the question keeping in mind that friction is being ignored.
A football player runs at 8 m/s and plows into a 80 kg referee standing on the field, causing the referee to fly forward at 5 m/s. If this were a perfectly elastic collision, what would the mass of the football player be?
In order to solve this, do I need to also know the final speed of the football player, or is there some way it can be resolved without it.
The initial momentum is 8m (m being the mass of the football player). The final momentum of the referee is 400 kg*m/s and the final momentum of the football player is mv (v is the final velocity of the player).
Is there any way I can further simplify the solution of m=(8-v)/400 without knowing the final velocity?