# What is an “Einstein transformation” in general relativity?

When introducing the vielbein formalism in general relativity, I came across the use of an infinitesimal general transformation, or Einstein transformation. The latter term seems not to be covered on standard references, so my asking here.

I quote the lectures in which I found this term: Horatiu Nastase - Introduction to Supergravity, p.12, right above (2.2).

On both the metric and the vielbein we have also general coordinate transformations. We can check that an infinitesimal general coordinate transformation ("Einstein" transformation) $\delta x^\mu = \xi^\mu$ acting on the metric gives $$\tag{2.2} (\delta_\xi g)_{\mu\nu} (x) = (\xi^\rho \partial_\rho) g_{\mu\nu} + (\partial_\mu \xi^\rho) g_{\rho\nu} + (\partial_\nu \xi^\rho) g_{\rho \nu}$$ where the first term corresponds to a translation (the linear term in the Fourier expansion of a field), but there are extra terms. Thus the general coordinate transformations are the general relativity version, i.e. the local version of the (global) $P_\mu$ translations in special relativity (in special relativity we have a global parameter $\xi^\mu$, but now we have a local $\xi^\mu(x)$).

1. What is meant by an Einstein transformation?
2. What is meant with $\delta_\xi$, and how is the relation (2.2) obtained?
3. Following the above statement, the following transformation for the vielbein is given: $$\tag{2.3} (\delta_\xi e)_\mu^a(x) = (\xi^\rho \partial_\rho) e_\mu^a + ( \partial_\mu \xi^\rho) e_\rho^a.$$ Why is this relation different from the above (2.2)? Why is the last term missing?
• I'm pretty sure $\delta_\xi$ is just the Lie derivative $\mathcal{L}_\xi$ in strange notation. – Ryan Unger Jan 16 '15 at 10:13
• @0celo7 and how can I write it in coordinates notation? A simple $$g_{\mu\nu}(x) \rightarrow g_{\mu\nu}(x+\xi(x))$$ only gives the first term in (2.2) – glS Jan 16 '15 at 10:16
• the metric at the point $x+\xi(x)$ is, in general, different from the metric at $x$, so perhaps you have to transform that as well through $\xi^\mu_{,\nu}$ – Phoenix87 Jan 16 '15 at 10:19
• I guess its just the Lie derivative wrt a vector field $$\xi$$.. – GRrocks Jan 16 '15 at 14:29

1. $\delta_\xi\equiv {\cal L}_\xi$ is a Lie-derivative wrt. the vector field $\xi$ in the active picture, or a general coordinate transformation in the passive picture.
3. Concerning the vielbein in eq. (2.3), the before-mentioned Lie-derivative/coordinate transformation does not "act" on a flat index "$a$", so to speak. See also e.g. this and this Phys.SE posts.