# Inverting the field creation operator $|\Psi\rangle$

In my lecture notes on second quantization it is written that the creation field operator is given by

$|\Psi\rangle^{\dagger}_s (r) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{V}} \sum_{k} e^{-i k r} \hat{a}^{\dagger}_{ks}$

They then go on to write that this expression can be inverted, to give $\hat{a}^{\dagger}_{k} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{V}}\int{d^3r e^{i k r}}|\Psi\rangle^{\dagger} (r)$

However, I honestly don't see how this is done. I'm afraid this is a bit of a trivial question probably, but to me the inversion is not obvious at all. Could someone assist me in seeing that this is true?

• You have to use $\int d^3 r e^{i k r } e^{ i k' r} = V \delta_{k+k',0}$. Also, I think you have the wrong sign in one of the two exponents in your equations. – Prahar Jan 15 '15 at 18:11
• You are correct, that was indeed wrong. – user129412 Jan 15 '15 at 19:30

Mulplying by $e^{-iqr}$ and integrating over space your first expression you have $$\int d^3 r e^{-iqr} | \Psi \rangle_s^\dagger(r) = \int d^3 r e^{-iqr} \frac{1}{\sqrt{V}} \sum_k e^{ikr} a_{ks}^\dagger$$ now exchanging integral and sum you obtain $$\int d^3 r e^{-iqr} | \Psi \rangle_s^\dagger(r) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{V}} \sum_k a_{ks}^\dagger \int d^3r e^{i(k-q)r}.$$ Are you able to conclude from here?