When I was a kid, my family used to put our gallon jugs of milk and orange juice into the freezer when we'd go away on vacation so that they would keep longer. As I remember it, if we were gone for a week or more the jugs would be frozen solid, but if we were only gone for a couple of days, instead they would be filled with thin, crisp flakes of ice suspended in their respective liquid. Additionally, when we would begin to thaw a completely frozen jug, it would thaw into a mixture of ice flakes and liquid (usually with a big chunk of flaky ice floating right in the middle). And just today I noticed that the carton of milk at the back of my refrigerator had partially frozen and formed these flakes.
Why do milk and orange juice freeze in this way? What effect does this have on how quickly milk and orange juice freeze and thaw compared to water?
(The orange juice was always pulp-free, by the way.)