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Imagine I have a circular disk in a vacuum. I apply a constant force, so a constant torque on the disk. My first question is: does this disk have a angular velocity speed limit? I believe it does, simply that each point on the disk's linear velocity ($v = r\omega$) cannot exceed the speed of light. That makes sense.

So say I speed the disk up to relativistic velocities, and assume the disk can withstand all sorts of forces trying to rip it apart. What exactly happens? For an outside observer(Bob) would he observe length contraction? And if he does, what exactly would it look like? The outer edges would have faster linear velocity, so they would be contracted... more? Or does length contraction not apply like this?

EDIT: Thanks Qmechanic, answer for length contraction is explained here

Does time dilation apply? I believe it does, as for an observer at $A$ and an observer at $B$, a centripetal force is required to keep them on the disk, and thus general relativity would mean that $A$'s clock would run ... slower than $B$'s clock? Lets say we had an orange rope, as shown, stationary to the outside observer bob. $A$ and $B$ send a red and a green pulse respectively when they pass the orange rope. Does time dilation have any effect on how Bob sees the flashes of light?

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    $\begingroup$ Related: physics.stackexchange.com/q/8659/2451 and links therein. See also Ehrenfest paradox on Wikipedia. $\endgroup$ – Qmechanic Dec 29 '14 at 7:20
  • $\begingroup$ Why was the general relativity tag removed? Isn't this a general relativity question? $\endgroup$ – Joshua Lin Dec 29 '14 at 7:34
  • $\begingroup$ $\uparrow$ No. See also this Phys.SE post. $\endgroup$ – Qmechanic Dec 29 '14 at 7:36
  • $\begingroup$ The answer to the question you sent me says the length contraction paradox is treated and resolved with general relativity, and the wiki article says the paradox was important for the formation of GR too? $\endgroup$ – Joshua Lin Dec 29 '14 at 7:39
  • $\begingroup$ See my answer to Is gravitational time dilation different from other forms of time dilation?. In the second half of my answer I calculate the time dilation for a rotating observer. You could ignore the first half of my answer, but I recommend working through it because it provides useful background info. $\endgroup$ – John Rennie Dec 29 '14 at 8:31

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