# How do I incorporate friction and mass when analyzing spring motion?

Problem 12 of section B of this PDF file reads

Two springs with spring constant k1 and k2 are attached to a body of mass (m) in two different configurations in 2 cases (A and B) as shown. The mass rests on a surface with coefficient of friction between the mass and surface as $K$. The mass is moved to the right, parallel to the axis of the springs by a distance $d$ (from natural lengths of the springs) and is released. The time taken till the body comes to rest in case A is:

The given answer is equal to B but I get it to be less than B.

$$T= 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{m}{k}}$$

But I'm not sure how to incorporate effect of friction and mass. In case of A, there is a $$frictional force F = Kmg$$

But how do I relate this to T ? I referred the pdf link above. I was trying to solve the question. The answer is $$T_{a} = T_{b}$$

An alernate way that I just figured is given below. Please clarify -
$For A$ ,$$-k_{1}d - k_{2}d - Kmg = m\omega_{a} ^2 x$$ $For B$, $$-k_{1}d - k_{2}d - Kmg = m\omega _{b}^2 x$$ $$\omega_{a} = \omega_{b}$$ $$T=\frac{2Pi}{\omega}$$ $$T_a=T_b$$ I am not a physics student. So I wanted to understand this conceptually and get the answer from the relevant equations. Also is my approach to the problem correct ?

• Hi coolstuff - I edited your question to clean it up a bit. If it doesn't reflect your original intent, please edit it further so that it does. On a separate note, did you look in a textbook or on the internet to see if you could find anything about this? See our suggestions of prior research here. – David Z Dec 6 '14 at 9:41
• @DavidZ Yes , I did do prior research. That's how I came to some conclusions. But I wasn't sure about mass and friction here . – coolstuff Dec 6 '14 at 9:49
• In that case I'd suggest editing the post to explain some of what you tried. In particular, many resources will show you how to incorporate the effects of friction and mass in a spring system, so anyone reading this question is going to wonder why you didn't just look at those resources. A good question addresses those concerns. Tell us some of the resources you looked at, what you tried after looking at them, and why it didn't work out. You don't have to include everything, but it really helps to show some of the dead ends you hit on the way to posting your question. – David Z Dec 6 '14 at 9:52
• @DavidZ made edits. – coolstuff Dec 6 '14 at 11:14
• OK, the part you added about the frictional force helps a lot. The part about the alternate way you found to solve the question doesn't help, IMO, because it's not clear how it relates to the main question you're asking (namely, how to account for friction and mass when solving the problem). It starts to sound like you're asking why the two approaches give different answers, which is a different question. – David Z Dec 6 '14 at 11:31

The only difference between A and B is the direction of k1. However if you look at $F=-kx$ is always a restoring force whose magnitude is proportional to the magnitude of the displacement from equilibrium. So the mass always experiences a restoring force of the same magnitude regardless of whether k1 is being compressed or stretched.