Consider a hydrogen atom, to excite the electron to a higher orbit, it should interact with photons of energy equal to that of the energy difference between the two states.
If the energy of photon is lesser, the electron rises up to an unstable stated above which it can't rise. After that out falls back to the initial stage letting the photon emit.
If the energy of that photon is higher then the electron rises to a stable higher level and even above that. The electron finally falls back to the stable higher state giving the additional energy in the form of a photon of very small wave length.
But I found that the electron excites if only the energy matches. I'm not able to resolve this in any of the lectures.
What restricts excitation of electron with a photon of higher energy?