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What is the most important electromagnetic phenomena involved in astrophysics?, I am working in a presentation of magnetars, pulsars and magnetic field of planets and I would like to know if there are more interesting phenomena that I should mention, I trying to find about electromagnetism in black holes but I only found about the no hair theorem and papers that do not say anything in concrete terms

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  • $\begingroup$ You could talk about Reissner-Nordstrom black holes, or Kerr-Newman black holes. $\endgroup$
    – HDE 226868
    Nov 13, 2014 at 2:10
  • $\begingroup$ You could mention Active Galactic Nuclei which spit out electromagnetic radiation and are an active research topic in both cosmology and plasma physics. $\endgroup$
    – OTH
    Jul 30, 2015 at 9:38

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Probably the most direct example is synchrotron radiation. This is the case in which an electron is accelerating by moving in along a curved path (e.g., a helix). As it is accelerated, it emits photons in the radio spectrum:

enter image description here (source)

Another big one would be bremsstrahlung in which an electron moving along a path is decelerated near the presence of a heavy nucleus. The emitted photon is typically in the X-ray regime.

enter image description here (source)

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90% of Astrophysics is to do with electromagnetic phenomena. Bar neutrinos or directly grabbing stuff in our own solar system, there's not much else you can do but observe the electromagnetic radiation coming from out there.

Your question is therefore massively broad. But here are some examples you could research.

Rayleigh scattering observed in the atmospheres of exoplanets. http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.3525

Thomson scattering observed from coronal mass ejections around the Sun. http://solarphysics.livingreviews.org/Articles/lrsp-2012-3/articlesu6.html

Synchrotron radiation from active galactic nuclei. http://asd.gsfc.nasa.gov/Volker.Beckmann/school/download/Longair_Radiation2.pdf

Thermal bremsstrahlung radiation generated in the hot gas that pervades the space in a cluster of galaxies. http://ned.ipac.caltech.edu/level5/March02/Sarazin/Sarazin5_1_3.html

Faraday rotation to estimate magnetic field strengths. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faraday_effect

Using polarimetry to investigate unified models for AGN. http://www.physics.purdue.edu/~mlister/articles/antonucci1993_ann_rev.pdf

Relativistic beaming and apparent superluminal motion. http://jila.colorado.edu/~ajsh/insidebh/4dperspective.html

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