# Given Ohm's law, how can current increase if voltage increases, given fixed resistance?

According to Ohm's law, $V=IR$ (voltage equals current times resistance).

So if the voltage increases, then the current increases provided that the resistance remains constant.

I know that Voltage or potential difference means work done per unit positive charge in bringing that charge from one point to another.

So according to Ohm's law, if the work done per unit charge increases then current will increase. How can this be true? Point out my mistakes.

I think you've answered that yourself. If you are putting more work into moving unit of charge, then that unit of charge is going to move faster (all else being constant). Current is the flow electric charge across a surface at specific rate (1 ampere = 1 coulomb per second) and hence - more voltage, more work, faster flow (rate), higher current.

• So the higher the voltage the faster the unit of charge? Are you sure about that? Does it affect the drift velocity? Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 19:38
• @MeTitus Yes, drift velocity is proportional to voltage. Commented Apr 13, 2022 at 21:38

how can this be true?

If we connect 1.5V cell to a 10 ohm resistor, the current is, by Ohm's law, 0.15A and the power delivered to the resistor by the cell is 0.225W.

Now, connect a 9V battery in place of the 1.5V cell. The current is now, by Ohm's law, 0.9A and the power delivered to the resistor is now 8.1W.

The 9V battery must deliver far more power to the resistor than the 1.5V cell does.

There's nothing mysterious here. Why do you think the current should not increase if the voltage increases?

• The current increases yes, but what effect does it have at the atomic level? Higher voltage does not mean the electrons are moving faster, so what changes that makes higher voltage deliver the same power as lower voltage and higher current? Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 19:40
• @MeTitus "Higher voltage does not mean the electrons are moving faster" — Who told you that? It most certainly does mean that they are moving faster. Commented Apr 13, 2022 at 21:39

It is better to think of Ohm's Law as I=V/R.

What it is telling you is that if you apply a voltage (V) to a resistive material (characterised by R), then that voltage is capable of driving a current I. The material could be anything, a piece of copper, or the plasma in a star.

The voltage is constantly supplying energy to the electrons in the material, but the resistivity is constantly taking that energy back out (converting it to thermal energy). The higher the voltage, the more energy you can give to the electrons and hence the higher the current. On the other hand, the higher the resistance, the more energy is taken away from the electron flow and hence the lower the current.

• So the higher the voltage the higher the energy your given to every flux in the current right? Commented Apr 19, 2020 at 19:42
• What exactly do you mean by "flux in the current"? Every charged particle gains more energy when the voltage is higher. Commented May 2, 2020 at 2:12