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I have read most often that objects experimented with in Mie theory are on a scale not much larger than the incident wavelength (usually a fiber of diameter $5$ microns with an incident wavelength of $630$ nm or so). Can Mie theory be used to describe the scattering pattern of an object any size, as long as a sufficient number of terms in the Mie solution can be calculated?

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There is no theoretical upper limit.

The question is whether the description has any practical use. Real-world objects will have some small deviations from the perfect sphere or cylinder shape, for which Mie theory applies.

Look at the polar diagram of scattering of red light from a 10 micron water droplet. Figure 2 in http://www.philiplaven.com/mieplot.htm. enter image description here

It already has a lot of fringes (compared to smaller objects), and a minor change of size (or shape) would strongly change the pattern. If you're intested to study that you can use the software on the website.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for answering my question, a.j. Great link as well... I appreciate it! $\endgroup$ – curiousGeorge119 Sep 11 '14 at 20:48

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