This is the setup of my Foucault pendulum:
Assume we have a Foucault pendulum suspended in the north pole. the pivot is just above the the axis of rotation (allowing the pendulum's plane to be in any direction relative to the apparatus). Before it starts swinging, the pendulum is attached to one of the supporting bars (the black lines) by a small string. To begin the motion of the pendulum you burn that string (this is the mechanism Foucault used).
While the pendulum is connected to the supporting bars it is moving with the apparatus, thus possessing both a velocity and an acceleration, the moment it is released, it has an initial velocity in the direction of rotation. what happens to this velocity?? All explanations and illustrations I see, assume from the beginning that the plane of the pendulum in the north pole is fixed relative to the "fixed stars" (I am aware of the philosophical debates), somehow neglecting that initial velocity.
I guess that I lack the understanding of the pivot mechanism itself, so if any one can shed light on my question and on the mechanism of the pivot, I would be very Thankful!
I think I'm not so clear about my question and explanation of the situation. I found an incredible wiki article: Foucault pendulum Under this section: Relative motion of the plane of the pendulum swing to the surface of the earth, at the north pole:
Once the bob is displaced from the central axis of the pendulum and then released there no longer is a force acting on the bob that causes it to revolve about the central axis of the pendulum and rotate (turn) with the Earth. As observed from an end-view of the swinging bob, the swing of the bob will always line up or swing towards one star (just like the axis of the Earth points at one star for the time periods considered) as the bob swings through the central axis of the pendulum. There can be a slight ellipsoid swing if the initial conditions of angular motion are not cancelled but there is no longer a force acting on the bob causing it to have an angular velocity after the bob is released. The plane of the swing of the pendulum bob is now independent of the surface of the earth which was imparting a force to the bob before it was released (through the holding point). As noted previously, the bob is still spinning with the Earth (a spot of the bob will spin with the Earth), even though the bob is no longer turning with the Earth. Thus the Earth continues to turn underneath the swing of the pendulum while the swing of the pendulum remains in a fixed plane that doesn't rotate (turn). The point of significance is that the force imparting an angular velocity to the pre-released bob is no longer acting on the swinging bob. At the North Pole, this force takes one day for the direction of the force to complete a full circle since it takes one day for the Earth to rotate.
The initial angular momentum is clearly mentioned here, and it should be cancelled, how did Foucault cancel it?