Two spherical cavities, of radii a and b, are hollowed out from the interior of a (neutral) conducting sphere of radius R. At the center of each cavity a point charge is placed – call these charges $q_a$ and $q_b$.What is the field within each cavity?
By Gauss’s law, fields are $Kq_a/r_a^2,Kq_b/r_b^2$, but thinking in terms of charges, the charge on outer surface cannot affect inside, so contribute nothing to the field inside any cavity. Also does not affects the field in another cavity the charges of one cavity(both present inside and induced). So field inside the cavity must only be due to $q_a$(WLOG), and induced charges $-q_a$.
But the result from gauss's law suggests that even induced charges do not affect the field? Is it due to the fact that charges on surface of a solid charged conducting sphere produce no field inside, but these induced charges are not on outside surface [of the surface of cavity but inside the whole sphere], also if both situations are similiar, then there's difference in that the cavity is like a hollow shell. Is my reasoning correct? Somebody please explain.
Explain without gauss's law, I know that with gauss law you would eventually explain all( I might also ).