# How does an accelerating charge radiate electromagnetic waves? [duplicate]

When a charged particle gets accelerated it emits electromagnetic waves. In reality, when a charged particle gets accelerated the electric field around the charge remains unchanged, but the magnetic field changes. Here the energy provided to the particle - by the energy source accelerating it - gets divided into the energy contained in the increased magnetic field and EMWs radiated. But I don't understand the mechanism by which these EMWs are emitted. I have read that when a charged particle gets accelerated the electromagnetic field associated with it gets detached from it and this detached electromagnetic field is that we call electromagnetic waves.

So is it that, when the charged particle gets accelerated, some part of the magnetic field associated with it gets detached from it and simultaneously (but apart from the effect of the event described above) the magnetic field associated with the charged particle gets changed according to the amount of energy being supplied or being taken away by the external source accelerating the charge particle? Thus, in the entire process the electric field around the charge particle remains constant. Is it so?

If this is true, then do we have to assume that the magnetic field being detached itself and instantaneously gets converted into EMW of the corresponding energy? But then I get again the same question: By which mechanism?

Also I thought of an entirely different mechanism: When the charged particle gets accelerated some part of its electric field as well as some part of its magnetic field gets detached from the charged particle and that itself is the EMW. And simultaneously (but apart from the effect of the event described above) both the magnetic field & electric field associated with the charged particle gets changed according to the amount of energy being supplied or being taken away by the external source accelerating the charge particle? But here is one more problem: If we are assuming that the electric field is decaying into the EMWs, we will have to consider the contribution of the externally accelerating source to increase the electric field of the charge particle regardless the charge is being accelerated or decelerated. As far as I think, this cannot be done directly. We should assume the contribution of the external source to increase the magnetic field associated with the charge and its instantaneous conversion into electric field. Now again, same question: By which mechanism? So overall I have complete unclarity about the mechanism of the production of EMWs when a charge particle gets accelerated.

• – Jordan Jul 29 '14 at 20:50
• possible duplicate of How & Why does accelerating charges radiate electromagnetic radiation? – ACuriousMind Jul 29 '14 at 21:23