Prompted by the recent success in Delft, I've been reading a number of papers and articles about quantum teleportation. I'm comfortable with my understanding of most aspects but haven't found much reliable discussion about the interpretation and if anything "spooky" might be happening. Let me try to explain as clearly and concisely as I can:
A qubit obviously can't be represented with 2 classical bits, so if one can be reliably transmitted between Alice and Bob that suggests to me some spooky action at a distance involving the entanglement.
So my question is: do we have any evidence that a qubit, and not just 2 classical bits, is transmitted reliably?
I can imagine (in an overly simplified way) that Alice's apparatus actually measures her qubit and Bob's apparatus constructs a new qubit that will measure the same, using the pre-shared quantum state and the two bits.
To phrase it another way: is there some way of testing the output qubit on Bob's side which shows anything other than two bits was transmitted?
Thank you very much if you can clear this up for me. I'm not sure where else I could ask.