Analogy: assume that I have constant rain fall and I have a water bucket to collect this rain. If I am rest relative to the earth, I will catch a certain amount of rain. However, if I now move towards the rain, I will increase the amount of water I collect. Now I want to apply this idea to a source emitting photons instead of rain drops.
I image a distance light source (distance star) that is emitting a constant number of photons such that I can ignore the $1/r^2$ fall off of the intensity (that is, the intensity does not change very much over some appreciate distance). So instead of a water bucket, I now have a light collector that measures light intensity. Here is my question: Does the light intensity measured by my light collector that is moving towards the distant star increase or stay the same when compared to a light collector at rest realtive to the distant star?
My first thought was that the light intensity would increase because the light is blue shifted and higher energy photons will therefore produce a higher intensity. However, I believe that there might be another contribution due to length contraction. Since an observer moving towards a light source has to account for length contraction, does this mean that there is an increase in photon density? If so, this higher photon density in the frame of the light collector will also contribute to increasing the light intensity.
Can someone verify or correct my thinking.