It has been recently pointed out to me that the solution of the heat equation in a semi-infinite material with an oscillating boundary condition at the surface is not an evanescent wave. The argument was that in the solution to the equation (which is a temperature field that oscillates in an exponentially decaying envelope), the oscillating part is a propagating wave. Do you agree with this argument? Is the solution an evanescent wave or not?
To make things clear, I am talking about waves of this form:
$T(z,t) = T_0 + A \exp(-z/\delta) \cos (\omega t - z/\delta)$
I am myself a bit concerned about the argument since Wikipedia simply states:
An evanescent wave is a near-field wave with an intensity that exhibits exponential decay without absorption as a function of the distance from the boundary at which the wave was formed.
Also, another definition I found is that of a plane wave which amplitude decays exponentially with the distance to the source.
From both definitions, it seems to me that the solution to the heat problem described above is an evanescent wave.
While investigating the question, I found that it is widely accepted that the two following examples are evanescent waves:
The field behind an interface in the case of a plane light wave hitting the interface in the normal direction in conditions of total reflection. In that case, the field is a standing wave in an exponentially decaying envelope.
Same as above, but with the light wave hitting the interface with an incidence other than normal. Here, the evanescent field has a propagating part parallel to the interface.
However, I did not find an example that has a propagating part in the direction normal to the interface and that is clearly called an evanescent wave.