First, I would like to know the rotational velocity of disk2 if disk1 turns at $\omega1$. The axis "x" is fixed to the ground and disk1 is allowed to turn around it. Axis "y" is fixed to disk1 and disk2 is allowed to turn around it. For me, disk2 turns around axis "x" and around axis "y" but not in the same manner. I can understand its rotational velocity is $\omega2$ and for me even disk2 turns around axis "x" and because disk1 is turning, this doesn't change its rotational velocity $\omega2$. I'm not sure. Can you explain please ? In fact, what's a rotational velocity in this case for disk2 ?
Second, with $\omega1=-\omega2$. A motor is fixed between disk1 and disk2 (in axis "y"), stator on disk1 and rotor on disk2 (idea of Floris, thanks). If a torque from rotor increase $\omega2$ this would say another torque from stator increase $\omega1$. The motor need energy for give a torque to disk2, I'm agree with that. But I don't understand why the motor need energy for apply its torque from stator to disk1. For me, like stator and rotor turn at the same rotational velocity around axis "x" it's not difficult to add torque to disk2 even the stator+rotor turn around "x" in the same time. The motor turn around the axis "x", when stator turn $d\theta$ degree in one direction, rotor turn $d\theta$ degree in the same time. So, it's not "difficult" (need energy) to apply torque on disk1 for me. If rotor moves far away from stator, in this case I'm agree, I will be more difficult to accelerate it, but here stator and rotor never move from each other.
If I need to give forces that stator gives to disk1, I'm agree I need energy, but these forces are only a reaction from the stator because rotor apply a torque. I'm not sure I explain very good what I think, I hope someone can clear this idea. I would like to understand why the motor need energy for apply its torque to disk1.
------------------------Added from comment of Floris:
I'm agree, if I'm on object that move back and I try to move an object in front of me, I need more energy. I drawn disks and 2 points A and B:
Imagine, disk2 don't turn around its center of gravity (axis y). Motor and disk2 turn only around axis "x". You could look at distance AB, it is always the same even the stator rotates of 45°, because the rotor rotates of 45° too. It's not like stator move in one direction and rotor in other.
Now, the rotor turn around axis "y" but why it's not the same with a linear trajectory ? Now, distance AB change but only because stator "attack" rotor, in the same time stator rotates around axis "x" but rotor rotates around axis "x" too.
Maybe my confusion come from I dissociate 2 movements: first the rotation around axis "x" and second the rotation around axis "y". For me, inertia and centrifugal forces rotate motor and disk2 around axis "x" and torque from motor add rotational velocity of disk2 around axis "y", I don't see where the stator move "back" like your example, could you explain more please ? Maybe I don't have the right to think like that. Sorry if my level of physics is low.
I added forces, maybe like that it's easier to explain the problem: