Scenario # 1
I put gunpowder and then a ball bearing in an old musket and fire the bullet.
Scenario # 2
Lets imagine I had a motor with a disk on it and there was the same ball bearing stuck on the edge of the disk somewhere. If I spin the motor up fast and then release the ball bearing somehow, it will fire off perpendicular to the tangent line of the release point. Lets imagine for the purposes of comparison, I spin up the motor with enough rpm such that the ball bearing’s velocity equaled the velocity of the musket shot in scenario 1.
Newton's 3rd law of motions states that "for every action there is an opposite and equal reaction". With that in mind, it shouldn’t really matter how I expelled the hunk of lead, would both systems react in the opposite direction the same at the moment of release? (I’m aware that the spinning system would have a torque while it was spinning, but lets ignore that)
The reason I’m asking that is; intuitively the ball bearing is desperate to escape the faster the disk is being spun. It would seem weird that it would suddenly kick the system backwards when it was already straining to leave the system the whole time. Also, there seems to be an intuitive difference because the expelling force in the spinning system is 90 degrees to the applied force.