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Jul
22
awarded  Yearling
Jul
3
comment Mathematician learning theoretical physics
... for all these topics is "Quantum Fields and Strings: A course for mathematicians" which was aimed at exactly what you mention: Training mathematicians to develop physical intuition and familiarizing them with modern methods (Volume 2 is more "physicsy"). It's extremely dense and quite advanced, so I would probably look at more elementary texts first.
Jul
3
comment Mathematician learning theoretical physics
...a book written by a physicist when it comes to rigor. For the more quantum topics, chapters 8-10 of "Mirrror Symmetry" by Vafa, Hori, Zaslow et al (a book aimed at both mathematicians and physicists) should provide a very quick introduction to quantum mechanics, supersymmetry and path integrals, though it would probably need to be supplemented. For more detailed treatment of QM I recommend Shankar. QFT is always a tricky subject and no one book is good enough. I like Tom Banks' book and also Pierre Ramond's book, and Mirror Symmetry also provides a good picture. Finally a very advanced...
Jul
3
comment Mathematician learning theoretical physics
...need to internalize is symmetry and variational principles, as they are at the heart of physics. Landau/Lifschitz (not all the chapters are necessary though) is a good start followed by a more geometric treatment (like Arnold's). You can continue your study of mechanics with other "classical" topics such as electromagnetism, gauge theory and general relativity. I found "Gauge Fields, Gravity and Knots" by Baez to take a good middle ground between math and physics (it also provides good references). For a more thorough treatment of General Relativity, Wald's book is as good as it gets for...
Jul
3
comment Mathematician learning theoretical physics
Indeed working through a typical freshman/sophomore level physics book would be a waste of time: No one who works on abstract theoretical physics topics such as supersymmetry and string theory ever uses the "Lensmaker equation" or stuff about heat engines in their research (however topics like classical mechanics and electromagnetism do help in developing physical intuition to an extent, so study those if you can) So indeed your guess is correct in that you can jump straight into the more abstract treatments. Now let me make some recommendations. For classical mechanics, the basic thing you...
Jun
30
comment Doubts taking the second functional derivative of the Klein Gordon action
The main property you need to apply is $\frac{\delta \phi(x) }{ \delta \phi(y)} = \delta(x-y) $.
Jun
22
comment Hamiltonian related to Riemann zeta function
I believe he's asking whether the Hamiltonian above is meaningful/makes sense.
Jun
22
answered Apparent discrepancy between Lagrange field equation and Maxwell equation
Jun
20
comment How do you take the derivative with respect to a rank two tensor?
The answer is correct, but you need to fix the index positions in your example.
Jun
8
answered Equations of motion for Polyakov action
Jun
8
awarded  Enthusiast
Jun
3
revised A Quantum Mechanics question that no one can answer
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Jun
3
answered A Quantum Mechanics question that no one can answer
May
31
revised Facing a problem in Katrin Becker, Melanie Becker, John Schwarz's String Theory
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May
31
answered Facing a problem in Katrin Becker, Melanie Becker, John Schwarz's String Theory
May
28
comment Question about scalar product of 2 four-vectors
Ah yes, that's the standard way of writing it. Glad it helped!
May
28
revised Question about scalar product of 2 four-vectors
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May
28
revised Question about scalar product of 2 four-vectors
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May
28
revised Question about scalar product of 2 four-vectors
added 10 characters in body
May
28
answered Question about scalar product of 2 four-vectors