A tag is a keyword or label that categorizes your question with other, similar questions. Using the right tags makes it easier for others to find and answer your question.

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the study of the composition, behavior and interaction of atomic nuclei and their constituent parts.
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As a consequence of the Lorentz transformations, time and space transform into each other when changing reference frame. This calls for a unified description: Minkowski spacetime.
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applies to questions that arise in graduate and post-secondary work. These questions often require domain-specific knowledge and could not be answered from a general source or …
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Mathematical discipline which uses the techniques of calculus to study geometric problems. General relativity is written in this language.
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The conserved quantity arising from a rotational invariance. Combine with rotational-dynamics for the classical mechanics approach and quantum-mechanics for the QM interpretation
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Solid-state physics studies how macroscopic properties of solids (mechanical, electrical, optical, etc.) result from their microscopic structure. It usually deals with the scale where quantum properti…
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An electronic system, with closed loop current flow, and relative electrical potentials present across electrical components.
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defined operationally to be that which is measured by clocks. The SI unit of time is the second, which is defined to be
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a good book about X?" or more generally, "What should I read to learn about X?", typically where there is not a single authoritative reference. Please READ THE GUIDANCE IN ME…
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the study of the informational content of quantum states. The most common object of study is the "qubit", the information in a two-state quantum system such as spin-1/2 or photo…
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The law of conservation of energy, which states that the amount of energy in a system is constant. For questions about Earth's environment, see the climate-science tag instead.
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Concerns the application of the laws of physics to analyze common situations encountered in everyday life.
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the interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of all mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids including vibration, sound, ultrasound and infrasound. Applications of acoust…
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almost always either a square matrix or a linear mapping from one space of functions (often on $\mathbb{R}^N$ or $\mathbb{C}^N$) to the same or other like space of functions…
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The path a body takes while moving through space under the influence of the gravitational forces of other bodies
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For questions that utilize the concept of magnetic fields (commonly denoted by the letter B), or for questions whose answers likely involve magnetic fields. More specific than the [tag:magnetism], as …
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Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.
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Force per unit area.
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It's the physical property that indicates the degree/intensity of heat present in a substance or an object. It can be expressed and measured according to various scales.
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A important property of all systems in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Entropy characterizes the degree to which the energy of the system is *not* available to do useful work
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In introductory mechanics, the momentum of a particle is its mass times its velocity. In electrodynamics, the momentum of a field is proportional to the cross-product of the electric field with the ma…
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symmetric if there is some transformation we can perform on that object that leaves some property unchanged. The set of symmetry transformations of an object form a group, and…
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A complex scalar field that describes a quantum mechanical system. The square of the modulus of the wave function gives the probability of the system to be found in a particular state.
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A tag for questions about the mechanical interactions of rotating objects, including torque and angular momentum.
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Fundamental characteristic property of particles which together with orbital angular momentum acts as the generator of rotations and which doesn't have a classical equivalent but is sometimes compared…
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The rate of change of velocity of a body per unit of time.
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Negatively charged particle with spin 1/2. A component of mundane terrestrial matter, and part of all neutral atoms and molecules. It has a mass about 1/1800 that of a proton. Its antiparticle is the…
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A postulated symmetry between bosonic and fermionic fields in quantum field theories and string theories.
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The resistance a surface or object encounters when moving over another.
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A model of the basic particles and forces featuring six quarks, three charged leptons, three massless neutral leptons and four fundamental force carrying bosons. The twelve fermions are arranged into …
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Partial differential equation which describes the time evolution of the wavefunction of a quantum system. It is one of the first and most fundamental equations of quantum mechanics.
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Any of the various explanations of gravity as a quantum theory, including string theory and loop quantum gravity.
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for questions seeking a single specific paper or a short, non-open-ended list of references, like "What paper first discovered X?", "Where can I find the original derivation of X?", or "W…
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The statement that a property of a system does not change if the system is isolated.
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a particular coordinate system chosen to represent physical entities. The notion is most often used in special and general relativity to dentoe particular coordinates chosen on th…