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From Wikipedia: A spoiler is an automotive aerodynamic device whose intended design function is to 'spoil' unfavorable air movement across a body of a vehicle in motion, usually described as turbulence or drag. A rear spoiler is designed to change the flow of air over the rear of the vehicle. This change in air flow increases downforce on the rear of ...


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The spoiler spoil the air flow at the rear side. When the car is cruising, from the frame of reference of the car, air flows around it from front to back. If the air flow is smooth and if there is a large velocity at the rear side then there will be pressure drop. Thus, there is a low pressure at the rear side and higher pressure on the front side, creating ...


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The key is the Reynolds number, $$ Re=\frac{\rho LV}{\mu}=\frac{LV}{\nu}\tag{1} $$ where $L$ and $V$ are characteristic lengths and velocities of the particular problem and $\mu$ & $\nu$ are the dynamic & kinematic viscosities, respectively. If you multiply (1) by $\rho LV/\rho LV$, you get $$ Re=\frac{\rho L^2V^2}{\mu LV} $$ The numerator is the ...



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