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The AdS/CFT correspondence (or this particular, most famous example of it) is the equivalence between the non-gravitational ${\mathcal N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on one side ("the boundary CFT"); and the type IIB superstring theory in $AdS_5\times S^5$ ("the bulk theory") on the other side. The equivalence is exact and the gauge theory is ...


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The immediate problem with locating our space in the string theory landscape today, is that even if you pick just one definite background geometry (definite shape for the extra dimensions, etc), you will not be able to calculate particle masses and other measurable quantities. The calculations are too difficult and there are too many unknown aspects of the ...


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The root of it the so-called anomaly, which makes superstring theories mathematically inconsistent. The only dimension where it may vanish is the "critical" one (10), but that in itself is not enough if the global topology is non-trivial. And it has to be non-trivial to compactify the extra dimensions. Since the physical spacetime is topologically trivial ...


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Lets start with the definition of M theory: M-theory brought all of the string theories together. It did this by asserting that strings are really one-dimensional slices of a two-dimensional membrane vibrating in 11-dimensional space. So the universe which is at the microscopic level quantum mechanical, is composed of these ...


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Now we have the confusion about complexity classes sorted out (at least somewhat). Do you have any reason to suggest that the problems or M-theory have an algorithmic solution which is either NP, NP-hard or any complexity class you like? I seriously doubt there exists any algorithm which would be able to "locate our space in m-theory". Additionally it may ...


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First let us cut away some of the meat and the bones of your question. Let us forget about thermodynamics for a minute and classical physics; however we will need GRAVITY (not Newton’s version). Instead of calling it Gravity let us call it General Relativity or (GR). We can still use the term Gravity, but when discussing Quantum Mechanics it’s better to ...


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Many popular-science authors such as Stephen Hawking or Brian Greene would try to give you the impression that if M-theory passes all self-consistency checks, there will be one "Mathematically Inevitable Theory of Nature", M-theory. Not trying to diminish the immense proportion of the human achievement a "Theory of everything" would represent, the ...


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It seems the keyword OP is searching for is AdS/CFT correspondence. The holographic principle in string theory is realized between a gravity theory in an $n$ dimensional AdS bulk manifold $M$ and a gauge CFT on an $n\!-\!1$ dimensional boundary $\partial M$. In the most famous example, the 10 dimensional target space of superstring theory is a product of a ...



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