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It is "easy" to show that the cross-section of the 2 reactions: $$ (1)~~~\nu_{\mu} + d \to \mu^- + u~~~~~~(2)~~~\bar{\nu}_{\mu} + u \to \mu^+ + d$$ are different. The naive calculation gives a factor $\sigma_1/\sigma_2 = 3$ as shown below. The fact that the figure in the particle data group gives actually almost a factor 2 needs to take into account the ...


3

The answer is that in general cross section of particles and antiparticles are different. For this case in specific there is one point that Dirac particle have four possible states: due two possible ranges for energy E<0, E>0, and two possible range for helicities h>0 and h<0. In the standard model of particles only the neutrino with h<0 interact ...



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