Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

6

Backspin! Those shots in which the cue ball "draws" backwards after hitting the target ball involve backspin. Without backspin, the cue ball cannot reverse direction. Consider what happens when the cue ball is not spinning at all when it hits the target ball. The cue ball will come to a dead stop if it hits the target ball straight on. Think of Newton's ...


5

First of all, if the collision is elastic, the distribution of momentum in between the components is completely determined by momentum and energy conservation! This statement is most obvious in the center-of-mass frame where the total momentum is zero and the two objects are moving in opposite directions. The momentum conservation (the total momentum is ...


4

You seem to be saying that friction couldn't speed it up, because nothing else is moving that fast. Well, how fast is it moving? We can imagine the gyroscope axis parallel to the z axis, and the casing to be aligned such that the x axis goes through it. If the casing is tipped slightly, the gyroscope resists that turning and one side of the shaft has firm ...


3

$\vec\omega = I^{-1} \vec L$, and $\vec L$ is constant in the absence of external forces. The bit that I think you're missing is that $I$ rotates with the rigid body, so it is not constant in general and neither is $\vec\omega$. I played with your online example, and the angular velocity does seem to always remain constant when I'm not poking the block, ...


2

A fluid is modelled as a vector field and therefore we use vorticity to describe its spinning motion. Angular momentum is more often used for a single object or particle, but not so often for a vector field (even though it is still applicable in principle). For a fluid in general, vorticity is twice the mean angular velocity and this fact to me makes it less ...


1

You are very close. Just to review what is going on, the period is given by \begin{equation} T = \frac{2\pi}{\omega} = 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{I}{k_{eff}}} \end{equation} where $I$ is the moment of inertia of the system and the torque is proportional to the angle by which the pendulum has been displaced with a coefficient that I'm calling $k_{eff}$ in analogy to ...


1

By way of analogy, think of what happens when you blow up a balloon and let it go. It spins around, goes this way and that. A balloon rarely goes straight, without spinning. The thrust from a balloon rarely goes through the center of mass. It rotates and translates. Because the thrust vector itself turns with the rotating balloon, the translation is not ...


1

There is 1 reason; Newton's third law. When you fire a bullet, the bullet has a momentum in one direction (east) and the gun has momentum in the opposite direction (west). Of course, the person stops the gun from moving. When the bullet strikes an object, it imparts its momentum on the object. Neglecting air resistance, it is easy to show that all the forces ...


1

We don't need to talk about angular momentum because the conservation law is summed up by vorticity. Consider the vorticity equation (in the context of a rotating frame as well): $$ \frac{D\boldsymbol\omega}{Dt}=\boldsymbol\omega\cdot\nabla\mathbf u $$ (ignoring all other terms that are normally contained in this term). If we take the coordinate system where ...


1

The direction the ball will take depends on the angular momentum. The velocity with which the ball moves or bounces backwards but the chief determinant is the spinning effect of the incoming ball.


1

There is a distinction between points and vectors. Points are positions in space, and vectors are directions. One can easily mix up the two, because in Euklidean space they look rather similar. $\theta$ in this case is a coordinate, i.e. part of the description of a point. The vector associated to that coordinate could be called $\hat{e}_\theta$, and point ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible