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Yes, you would have to introduce another gauge field. For example in the Standard Model there is gauge invariance under $SU(3)\times SU(2) \times U(1)$, and so there are three gauge fields: the gluons, the $W^\pm, Z$ weak gauge bosons and the photon. In general terms, it is simpler to argue like this: if you have gauge invariance under a Lie group $G$, the ...


2

The additional correction to the magnetic moment of the electron, aptly called the 'anomalous magnetic moment,' arises from a one loop Feynman diagram calculation in quantum electrodynamics. To be specific, the Landé $g$ factor is given by, $$g=2[1+F_2(0)]$$ where $F_2$ is a 'form factor.' The electron vertex scattering amplitude is given by, ...


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What is an ECE engineer, an electronic-computer-engineering engineer? Indeed Classical Electrodynamics is only an approximation to Quantum Electrodynamics. If you just want to get a taste, I would suggest reading Feynman's QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter. It describes the theory quite nicely without too much maths. If you want to learn full ...


1

Indeed, the two effects are very much related! I don't know how your background is, so let me start by defining the four-vector $x^\mu=(t,x,y,z)=(t,\vec{x})$ such that $x^0=t$ and $x_i=x,y,z$ for $i=1,2,3$. (Note that it is convention that greek indices run from $0$ to $3$ (space-time) while latin indices run from $1$ to $3$ (space only). Summation over ...


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Zeta function regularization is used in other fields, and even in pure mathematics to obtain finite answers from otherwise divergent integrals. In bosonic string theory, the mass of states in lightcone gauge is, $$M^2 = \frac{4}{\alpha'} \left[ \sum_{n>0} \alpha^{i}_{-n}\alpha^{i}_n + \frac{D-2}{2}\left( \sum_{n>0} n\right) \right]$$ where $\alpha'$ ...



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