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No, the virtual photon is not a particle, since a virtual particle is what one calls the internal lines in a Feynman diagram, and there are no asymptotic particle states associated to these lines, so a virtual particle is not a particle in the usual (or any other rigorous) sense. Therefore, the question is non-sensical because it is not clear what an ...

5

The selection rules for atomic transitions are entirely governed by how much angular momentum the photon can carry away. A dipole transition (in the nomenclature, E1 or M1, depending on its parity) carries away angular momentum $\hbar$, so the atom's initial and final state must have angular momentum quantum numbers $J$ differing by zero or one. A ...

4

Your question is muddled and unclear (in my professional opinion - you may think otherwise and that's OK), but I think I can make one thing clearer. If you have two entangled systems, $A$ and $B$, and perform independent experiments on either side, then nothing about the choice of experiment you perform on $B$ will have any effect on the local results from ...

3

It seems to me that you just cannot tell the difference between a Bose condensate and nothing in this case. What will change if you add some photons or phonons with zero energy to the system? No characteristics of the system will change. So it seems to me we have no criterion to decide if there is a Bose condensate in this case, and what's more important, it ...

3

The answer is "no", not as a straight 1-body -> 2-body decay. Proof: let $E_\gamma, E_1$, and $E_2$ denote the energies of the initial photon and the two daughters, and define $\vec{p}_\gamma$, $\vec{p}_1$, and $\vec{p}_2$ similarly for their momenta. By conservation of energy and momentum, we have $$E_\gamma = E_1 + E_2,$$  \vec{p}_\gamma = \vec{p}_1 ...

2

"Pair production is when a particle-antiparticle pair is produced from a single gamma photon. The gamma photon must have enough energy to produce that much mass. Pair-production usually happens near a nuclear, which helps to conserve momentum." It is a hand waving way of describing pair production. Gammas are photons of high energy by definition. ...

2

Short answer: yes. Longer answer: unlikely to be distinguishable from noise. Here's what happens: some photons may be reflected to various items in the camera, e.g., if the autofocus has its own sensor. The photons which follow the optical path to the CCD or CMOS detector have a certain probability of generating a photoelectron. This probability is called ...

2

Will the pattern the 1 million entangled photons (An) created on the right screen in case 1), be discernible from the pattern in case 2), in the sense of being able to state with high probability which of the 2 cases applies, by analyzing the distribution of the photons (An), which hit the screen after passing through the right slit? No, the pattern of the ...

2

There is also, a gas of photons in the right side. It was trapped there when you assembled your box, and since you are assuming a perfectly zero emissivity, these photons must be perfectly reflected from all surfaces. That means they are blue shifted if the wall moves toward the right and red-shifted if the wall moves toward the left. Result: If you ...

1

It's not really worthwhile in this type of situation. (It makes sense in other situations however ... like transferring power from the ground to an airplane or satellite.) The two most plausible system types are: (A) Microwaves / radiowaves: Emitted by an antenna, collected by a rectenna (B) Visible / infrared: Emitted by a laser, collected by a ...

1

What I'm asking is, has someone measured, that at one moment of time the peak of magnetic component is in the same distance from source as the peak at the electric field. That should be not easy because this peaks are moving with c. You're asking the wrong question. Scientists don't measure the differences in the locations of the peaks of two signals. ...

1

a) What would happen if we did NOT detect an interference at D0 8ns prior to the entangled idler photons reaching D3 or D4 and decide to remove the BSa and BSb beam splitters really really fast such that the idler photons would travel to either D1 or D2 instead, hence the "which path" is not known and therefore we should actually see an interference pattern ...

1

This is I guess a common problem that stems from the way we use the word "intensity". Normally, we would use intensity to mean something like the energy going through a unit area per unit time. In the case of the photoelectric effect, we instead generally mean the number of photons (per unit time), as it is this that decides how many photo-electrons are ...

1

Is light a particle which has a electromagnetic field around it OR does the particle itself travels in a wave like motion? This depends of what you want to calculate. For atomic processes one use QED and photons are disturbances in EM field existing everywhere. But really one calculate processes in atomic and subatomic dimensions. If one want to ...

1

Is light a particle which has a electromagnetic field around it OR does the particle itself travels in a wave like motion? The latter. Light consists of electromagnetic waves which have a quantum nature, wherein we say the photon is a quantum of light. This tends to get converted into a "particle" of light wherein people think of the photon as some ...

1

I'm going to have to give an answer that's very different to Jimmy360's. Apologies. How does the potential and kinetic energy of a photon relate? They don't. The photon is all kinetic energy. Do they mean the same thing? No. When you drop a brick, its gravitational potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. When you dissipate this kinetic ...

1

Pair producing an electron and a positron requires an energy at least equal to their masses, $2m_ec^2$. This would just create them stationary, and you'd need an even greater energy to give them some momentum. Since $m_e = 0.511$ MeV/c$^2$, the minimum energy required for pair production to occur is $\sim 1$ MeV. What photons have an energy close to that ...

1

Gamma radiation is the highest in energy on the electromagnetic spectrum. Any photons with energy over $100keV$ are classified as gamma radiation. As stated in other answers, for a photon to produce a particle-antiparticle pair, the energy of the photon must be at least twice the mass-energy of the type of particle produced. There are 2 particles of equal ...

1

Pair production can also happen in extremely strong electric fields via the so-called "Schwinger mechanism". Unlike most other results in quantum field theory, in this case one can exactly compute the probability of creating pairs per unit volume and time, see e.g. here.

1

This is true. If for example you subject Hydrogen gas to a perfectly monochromatic 121.57 nm laser, then all that will happen is that the gas will scatter the light in all directions, glowing without increasing the temperature. Otherwise there are many different phenomena that are involved in the heat transfer of energy by radiation. For example in solids, ...

1

My answer to the question is first a question. How do you photograph a photon? You can measure a photon by detecting it's presence on photographic film, or by using some sort of photomultiplier and digital detector, or by a handful of other ways. My point is that these all require the photon to be absorbed by the detector, thus they must be localized, and ...

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