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Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is an emerging field of study. Asking whether the new concepts introduced by that emerging field will prove to be of practical value is a bit premature. The concepts are only now just starting to make their way out of academia. The concept certainly has merit. On a grand scale, a thermodynamic system that truly is in ...


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Can the law of conduction be derived from the assumptions of classical thermodynamics? The answer should be no, because classical thermodynamics does not deal with description of irreversible processes in time; it only deals with equilibrium states. Second law of thermodynamics does not assert that entropy decreases in time, only that after irreversible ...


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One cannot "derive" any non-equilibrium rate law from thermodynamics, simply because they are beyond the scope of the theory. Thermodynamics simply does not deal with such phenomena and hence cannot tell you how such processes occur (in this case heat conduction). All that thermodynamics does is relate mean values of certain properties of systems amongst ...


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Short answer is no but even then it depends on what you mean by "the 2nd law of thermodynamics". In conventional treatments of so-called equilibrium thermodynamics Fourier's law of heat conduction is completely independent of the rest. In what is called "rational thermodynamic" where the 2nd law is formulated as the "Clausius-Duhem inequality" it is in fact ...


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Temperature is defined by thermodynamic equilibrium, which should be clarified at first. From this definition, we can easily obtain that the so called "non thermal plasma" is a concept which describes a plasma state without thermodynamic equilibrium. Basically speaking, thermodynamic equilibrium is obtained by collisions between particles caused by molecular ...


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At what temperatures, and pressures do they exhibit such properties First, temperature is only rigorously defined when the particle distribution functions are Maxwellian. For a non-thermal plasma, the notion of a "temperature" is ill-defined. If you do see someone talking about temperature for such a case, they've likely ignored a small perturbation ...



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